By Dan Hosken
An creation to track expertise presents a transparent and concise evaluation of the fundamental components of song know-how for today’s musician. it's designed to supply song scholars with the history essential to practice expertise of their growing, instructing, and appearing. This publication makes a speciality of 5 issues that underlie the and software program in use this day: Sound, Audio, MIDI, Synthesis and Sampling, and desktop Notation and Computer-Assisted guide. additionally, there's an appendix that covers worthwhile computing device and software program recommendations. gains: Thorough reasons of key issues in song expertise content material appropriate to all software program and undefined, now not associated with only one piece of software program or apparatus In-depth dialogue of electronic audio issues, comparable to sampling charges, resolutions, and dossier codecs causes of ordinary audio plug-ins together with dynamics processors, EQs, and delay-based results assurance of synthesis and sampling in software program tools Pedagogical beneficial properties, together with: additional analyzing sections that permit the coed to delve deeper into themes of curiosity – prompt actions that may be conducted with quite a few assorted courses – keyword phrases on the finish of every bankruptcy – What do i want? chapters protecting the kinds of and software program wanted on the way to prepare Audio and MIDI structures – The better half web site includes hyperlinks to audio examples that display numerous suggestions, step by step tutorials, appropriate undefined, software program, and extra audio and video assets.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Music Technology
This table will be further refined in the following chapter. 6 Perceptual and physical properties of sound Perceptual properties Physical properties Pitch Frequency Loudness Amplitude Timbre Waveform Articulation Amplitude envelope Rhythm Transient patterns waveform view pitch 17 sine wave 18 triangle wave 25 frequency 19 sawtooth wave hertz (Hz) 19 square wave period 19 pulse wave ultrasonic 20 noise infrasonic 21 white noise Shepard tones loudness 21 articulation 21 22 22 25 waveform 26 27 rhythm 23 29 transient patterns beat detection 25 27 attack-release envelope (AR) 22 temporary threshold shift timbre 26 26 attack-decay-sustain-release envelope (ADSR) threshold of hearing threshold of pain 25 amplitude envelope decibels of sound pressure level (dB SPL) 25 25 26 pink noise 21 amplitude REVIEW OF KEY TERMS 25 29 29 28 CHAPTER 3 The Overtone Series and the Spectrum View In the last chapter, we investigated a variety of sound properties using the waveform view of sound.
However, the AR envelope can be simulated with an ADSR envelope in which the sustain level is set to zero. The “release” of the AR will then either be determined by the ADSR’s decay or a combination of the ADSR’s decay and release lengths, depending on the length of the decay segment and how long the note is held down. Many synths also allow for more complex envelopes with more segments (multiple attacks, multiple decays) and/or different line shapes for the segments. Exponential line segments are common in many synths.
A dog whistle is a classic example of this phenomenon. A dog whistle is theoretically too high for humans to hear, but well within the hearing range of dogs (at least of small dogs). Frequencies like this above our hearing range are referred to as ultrasonic. 4 The frequencies associated with piano keys. C4 is middle C. SOUND PROPERTIES AND THE WAVEFORM VIEW on the other hand, can communicate at frequencies below our hearing range, or infrasonic frequencies. Some organ pipes also produce infrasonic frequencies that are felt rather than heard.
An Introduction to Music Technology by Dan Hosken