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Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery: Foundations, - download pdf or read online

By Judith E. Devaney, S. G. Satterfield, J. G. Hagedorn, J. T. Kelso, A. P. Peskin (auth.), Yang Cai (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3540244662

ISBN-13: 9783540244660

Many tough clinical discovery projects can simply be solved in interactive methods, by way of combining clever computing innovations with intuitive and adaptive person interfaces. it's inevitable to exploit human intelligence in clinical discovery structures: human eyes can seize complicated styles and relationships, besides detecting the phenomenal instances in a knowledge set; the human mind can simply control perceptions to make decisions.

Ambient intelligence is ready this type of ubiquitous and self sufficient human interplay with details. clinical discovery is a technique of artistic belief and conversation, facing questions like: how can we considerably decrease info whereas preserving that means, or how will we extract styles from monstrous information and transforming into facts resources.

Originating from the SIGCHI Workshop on Ambient Intelligence for clinical Discovery, this state of the art survey is geared up in 3 elements: new paradigms in clinical discovery, ambient cognition, and ambient intelligence platforms. Many chapters percentage universal beneficial properties akin to interplay, imaginative and prescient, language, and biomedicine.

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Extra info for Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery: Foundations, Theories, and Systems

Example text

Similarly, in membrane proteins sequences, both membrane-cytoplasmic and membrane-extracellular boundaries are detected with high accuracy [19]. Fig. 11. Mutual information values along the rhodopsin sequence using different datasets GPCR to generate mutual information values [19]. Horizontal lines use the same color code as in Figure 1 indicating the positions of the segments belonging to each of extracellular, cytoplasmic and helices domains based on expert knowledge. The positions of breakpoints indicated by mutual information minima are shown as blue labels.

Schematic of cell and soluble and transmembrane proteins. (A) A schematic of a cell: The cell is enveloped by a cell-membrane (brown) and is surrounded by water medium (blue bubbles). The medium inside the cell is made of water as well. Soluble proteins are found completely inside the cell. Membrane proteins are partly embedded in the cell-membrane. (B) Transmembrane protein Rhodopsin: It starts in the cytoplasmic region (top), traverses through the cell membrane (brown) to go into the extracellular region (bottom) and then transverses the membrane again to enter the cytoplasm.

Smart gels are inexpensive materials that expand or contract in response to external stimuli. This property could be useful in applications such as an artificial pancreas that releases insulin inside the body in response to high sugar levels. Scientists need to understand how the molecules in these materials behave in order to utilize them in new products. For this project NIST scientists are studying a subclass of these materials called shake gels. Through some complex and as yet unknown process, these watery mixtures of clays and polymers firm up into gels when shaken, and then relax again to the liquid phase after some time has passed.

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Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery: Foundations, Theories, and Systems by Judith E. Devaney, S. G. Satterfield, J. G. Hagedorn, J. T. Kelso, A. P. Peskin (auth.), Yang Cai (eds.)


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