By Ian Shapiro, Kahreen Tebeau
Democracy got here to South Africa in April 1994, whilst the African nationwide Congress received a landslide victory within the first loose nationwide election within the country's historical past. That definitive and peaceable transition from apartheid is frequently mentioned as a version for others to persist with. the hot order has considering that survived numerous transitions of ANC management, and it prevented a very likely destabilizing constitutional hindrance in 2008. but huge, immense demanding situations stay. Poverty and inequality are one of the optimum on the earth. extraordinary unemployment has fueled xenophobia, leading to lethal aggression directed at refugees and migrant staff from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Violent crime charges, fairly homicide and rape, stay grotesquely excessive. The HIV/AIDS pandemic used to be shockingly mishandled on the optimum degrees of presidency, and an infection charges remain overwhelming. regardless of the country's uplifting luck of webhosting Africa's first global Cup in 2010, inefficiency and corruption stay rife, infrastructure and simple companies are usually semifunctional, and political competition and a loose media are stressed. during this quantity, significant students chronicle South Africa's achievements and demanding situations because the transition. The contributions, all formerly unpublished, signify the cutting-edge within the learn of South African politics, economics, legislation, and social coverage.
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Additional info for After Apartheid: Reinventing South Africa?
If their pressure did intensify, the government could almost certainly defuse it by reducing the age of eligibility for the old-age pension, which would be a well-targeted and less costly intervention. It was revealing that a BIG was omitted from the otherwise “generous” 2009 election manifesto of the ANC and the agenda of the new Zuma administration. The ANC-led government continued to emphasize public works programs to reduce poverty among the working-age adult population. Public works programs provide cash incomes, but only for those who are able to work and only in areas where work is provided.
One solution is to impute missing or questionable data (Ardington et al. 2005; Leibbrandt et al. 2006). Van der Berg et al. (2006) employed an entirely different methodology. Their model building entails three stages. First, they accept the veracity of national accounts data on the overall growth of national income, disregarding entirely the apparent trend in census and (most) survey data. Second, they use data from national accounts and other, nonsurvey sources to calculate interracial income distribution, that is, the shares of national income accruing to white, Indian, coloured, and African people.
The new ANC policies would, they proclaimed, entail a deepened commitment to “decent work” through intensiﬁed regulation of casual, informal, and outsourced employment. The government would implement more aggressively and comprehensively minimum wage setting in all sectors. The post-Polokwane approach notionally emphasized education and skills development, along the lines of ASGISA, but its primary emphasis was on the expansion of regulation, directly through its regulatory mechanisms and indirectly through government procurement policies.
After Apartheid: Reinventing South Africa? by Ian Shapiro, Kahreen Tebeau