By Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse
Greater than 40 years in the past it used to be tested that the African continent may be divided into 4 specified language households. examine on African languages has for that reason been preoccupied with reconstructing and knowing similarities throughout those households. This has intended that an curiosity in other forms of linguistic courting, reminiscent of even if structural similarities and dissimilarities between African languages are the results of touch among those languages, hasn't ever been the topic of significant study. This booklet exhibits that such similarities throughout African languages are extra universal than is broadly believed. It presents a large viewpoint on Africa as a linguistic zone, in addition to an research of particular linguistic areas. which will have a greater realizing of African languages, their buildings, and their heritage, additional information on those contact-induced relationships is vital to knowing Africa's linguistic geography, and to reconstructing its historical past and prehistory.
Read Online or Download A linguistic geography of Africa PDF
Best geography books
Haunting Spanish ruins, a rain woodland, and sweeping panoramas are all a part of Puerto Rico. This completely up-to-date consultant covers all of thes, plus complete details at the little identified parks, reserves, and offshore islands. The e-book covers lodgings, neighborhood transporation, eating for gourmets, and the simplest shores and snorkeling spots.
In line with a global Workshop held in Geneva in 2005, this e-book experiences the advances made up to now in seasonal weather predictions and their purposes for administration and decision-making in agriculture. It additionally identifies the demanding situations to be addressed within the subsequent five to ten years to additional improve operational functions of weather predictions in agriculture, specifically in constructing international locations.
This hugely revered and best-selling textbook offers a fascinating and finished advent to the key issues inside of actual geography. It makes a speciality of realizing the inter-linkages among procedures, locations and environments and is totally illustrated to illustrate how the actual atmosphere works.
Booklet via Deumlich, Fritz
- The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space
- Copenhagen and the Best of Denmark
- Frommer's European Cruises and Ports of Call
- Designing Sustainable Cities in the Developing World
Extra resources for A linguistic geography of Africa
Northeastern Africa is also typologically remarkable in that there are quite a number of languages having a marked-nominative system, where it is the accusative rather than the nominative case that is unmarked – note that marked-nominative languages are crosslinguistically exceptional; see chapter 8 for discussion. A perhaps unique property of case systems is the presence of case marked exclusively by tonal inflection, which so far has been found only in African marked-nominative languages but nowhere else in the world (Ko¨nig 2006).
What is relevant to our discussion is not the distribution of individual properties but rather the combination of these properties, where the African continent clearly stands out against the rest of the world on the basis of the eleven properties examined. ” The survey data presented are also of interest with reference to an issue concerning the genesis and explanation of creole languages. g. Boretzky 1983; Holm 1988). In its strongest form this hypothesis maintains that creole languages such as Haitian Creole have the structure of African languages, especially of Fon (Fongbe), with a European superstrate grafted on (see especially Lefebvre 1998).
5 (b) Outside Africa, no language has been found to have as many as five properties, while African languages have between five and ten properties. There are a few exceptions, to be discussed below. (c) While the African area can be set off from the rest of the world, it seems that there is also a worldwide north/south division: languages of the southern hemisphere have clearly more of the properties than languages of the northern hemisphere. A slightly different picture emerges if one draws a line within Africa, separating sub-Saharan from northern Africa.
A linguistic geography of Africa by Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse