By Laura A. Janda
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Additional info for A geography of case semantics: the Czech dative and the Russian instrumental
Thus, even though the theoretical purpose of Kurylowicz's to identify a bifurcation of semantic and syntactic functions, we dency to emphasize the relationships between these two functions as pectrum of case values rather than as a concerted effort to draw etween them. 36 Kurylowicz did not, as Apresjan (1964: 33) points perational definition for distinguishing the two types of case. the lack of resolution in the supposed semantic/syntactic interface, a nguists have followed Kurytowicz's lead. Isacenko (1965) applied to Russian, and identified many of the primary and secondary funccases of that language.
The nominative is, according to her, 100% syntactic and therefore very abstract, whereas the dative, instrumental and locative are quite concrete, as predicted by Kurylowicz. Although Deserieva is the only scholar to rigorously implement Kurylowicz's classification, it remains just that - a classification of uses into two broad categories, for she does not contribute anything new to the theoretical framework. It is interesting to note, however, that when she has identified a particular use as semantic or syntactic, even this designation is not necessarily absolute.
Apparently the line which we commonly assume to divide prepositional from prepositionless case is indistinct and crossable: prepositional case interactswith the semantic network, although its role is perhaps more elusive. As noted by Isacenko (1965: 100), the fact that a preposition of necessity always brings its own semantic freight to an expression, and yet does not have an independent existence in isolation from case, makes it impossible to determine the exact semantic contribution of case in prepositional phrases.
A geography of case semantics: the Czech dative and the Russian instrumental by Laura A. Janda