By Gregory White
Examines how emerging financial integration with Europe affects Tunisia and Morocco.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Political Economy of Tunisia and Morocco: On the Outside of Europe Looking in
Initially, French authorities supported the sultans—Mulay Yusif (1912–1927) and Mohammed V (1927–1961)—and bolstered the sultanate as the legitimate leader, discrediting it in the eyes of the population. 32 This action elevated Mohammed in the eyes of his people. Thus, the French unwittingly advanced the stature of the monarchy. As Geertz noted: Muhammad V made, in his quiet, tenacious, blandly recalcitrant way, a radically new thing out of the Sultanate. 33 The French role in developing and supporting the Moroccan monarchy is ironic given the abstention of European monarchs from day-to-day politics.
In comparison to Morocco, however, Tunisia has exhibited a striking degree of national unity. It is this lack of discord that has facilitated Tunisia’s ability to act in a relatively adroit manner in crafting economic policy and suggests a possible explanation for their earlier opening to Europe. Regime The character of the government also goes far to explain its ability to adjust to changing circumstances and to craft a development strategy. As noted, elite cohesion has been more evident in Tunisia’s “republic” than in Morocco’s monarchy.
Dramatically, in 1971 and 1972 two coup attempts against Hassan failed. The ﬁrst attempt occurred in July 1971 at the palace in Skhirat, with the second occurring in August 1972 in a straﬁng of Hassan’s plane. After the coup attempts, Hassan became even more reliant on a reconstituted military and ignored the demands of opposition parties. 14 Along with challenges from the ofﬁcial opposition about the character of the political system, the strength of the country’s domestic commercial class concerned the monarchy.
A Comparative Political Economy of Tunisia and Morocco: On the Outside of Europe Looking in by Gregory White